OSCE-Bucharest Conference.2010


Romania had hosted, with an unprecedented success, the Conference in support of the PLATFORM FOR SECURITY AND COOPERATION IN EUROPE AND ASIA. The Bucharest Conference was the most important strategic and analytic conference in 2012, related to Europe-Asia relation.

Professor dr. Anton Caragea offers the welcoming speech to Europe-Asia Conference 

The debate was held in the presence of the diplomatic corps accredited to Romania and  of academic corps from Romania and Europe.

The main focus on the conference agenda was the analysis of the Kazakhstan Presidency global drive for peace, an initiative launched in September 2012 at the CICA Assembly              ( Conference for Confidence Building Measures in Central Asia) in Astana.

Romanian Parliament President in dialogue with the Diplomatic Corps accredited to Romania

During the academic and diplomatic debates the rostrum was occupied by lofty personalities of romanian and international public life such as: Romanian President Mr. Emil Constantinescu, President of Romanian Parliament-Valeriu Zgonea, Professor dr. Anton Caragea-Director of International Relations and Economic Cooperation Institute , President of Grampet Group and Chairman of Romania-Kazakhstan Business Council – Mr. Gruia Stoica, Director of European Diplomatic Academy Mr. Mircea Constantinescu, H.E. Kazakhstan Ambassador Mr. Talgat Kaliyev, representatives on behalf of Romanian Government etc.

In the opening speech of the conference, the President of Romanian Parliament Mr. Valeriu Zgonea had underlined the full support and backing of Romania towards Kazakhstan peace initiative and specially the Romanian side appreciation towards President Nursultan Nazarbayev, the architect of an ambitious plan destined to insure peace in XXI century.

Romania will always and fully support Kazakhstan initiative states the President of Romanian Parliament Mr. Valeriu Zgonea  

President Valeriu Zgonea had declared that: ″I wish to remark and appreciate the initiative of Kazakhstan Presidency, especially President Nursultan Nazarbayev to generate a global debate on the construction of the platform of euro-atlantic security and Eurasia security based on the tremendous success of Kazakhstan OSCE Chairmanship.

I will also thank the Kazakhstan Presidency , Romania`s strategic partner, for the important role offered to Bucharest Conference in the overall strategy to coagulate the PLATFORM FOR SECURITY AND COOPERATION IN EUROPE AN ASIA.

President of Romania ( 1996-2000) Mr.Emil Constantinecu outlines the support of dozens of civic organizations from Romania and Europe to Kazakhstan- Peace in XXI century Initiative 

The former Romanian President Mr. Emil Constantinescu had stated  on behalf of a dozen of Romanian and European civic and academic organization that ″the great contribution of such initiatives as the  PLATFORM FOR SECURITY AND COOPERATION IN EUROPE AND ASIA, build by President Nursultan Nazarbayev, to the architecture of security in Europe and the world, will undoubtedly be the wars that will never take place , because constructing such democratic and dialogue based organizations and  fostering of cooperation with civil society and strengthening of preventive diplomacy.

Do we still need peace initiative`s concluded president Emil Constantinescu? Yes. What for? For a safer world. For whom ? For us all! ″

His Excellency Talgat Kaliyev, Kazakhstan Charge d`affairs took the floor presenting the main features of the PLATFORM FOR SECURITY AND COOPERATION IN EUROPE AND ASIA. The new organization will have as main pillars to insure stability and cooperation in Eurasia, to insure that collective action by way of consensus and diplomatic measures and to enforce the respect of international law principles.    

His Excellency Kazakhstan Charge d`affairs -Talgat Kaliyev outlines the main features of the Platform for Security and Cooperation in Europe and Asia 

Professor dr. Anton Caragea , Director of Institute of International Relations and Economic Cooperation of Romania, had based his key note speech on the admiration of Romanian and European academic and diplomatic community on the impressive achievements of Kazakhstan in international arena as such: relinquishing nuclear weapons arsenal, building a developed economy, creating a safe area in Central Asia and the successful chairmanship of prestigious organization as : Organization for Security and Cooperation in Europe                      ( OSCE) and Organization of Islamic Conference.

Profesor dr.Anton Caragea, Director of Institute of International Relations and Economic Cooperation of Romania states that Kazakhstan has the full confidence of Romania and Europe in his quest for peace in XXI century


In the final note of his central address to the conference, Professor dr. Anton Caragea emphasize that: ″after offering to the world the example of a modern nation building, a nation that efficiently strives to contribute to the world debates on crucial issues as: nuclear safety, resolving global economic crisis, the new proposal tabled by President Nursultan Nazarbayev promises to offer the solution to avoid a new global conflict in XXI century.

The Romanian replay to Kazakhstan initiative can be only one: a strong Yes, keeping in mind the long tradition of Romanian efforts towards global disarmament and the creation of a global security system.

The voice of Romania must stand shoulder to shoulder to Kazakhstan, in creating a   PLATFORM FOR SECURITY AND COOPERATION IN EUROPE AND ASIA as the only feasible solution towards insuring not only our national security but also to bring our contribution and voice to the great debate of XXI century″.

President of Romania-Kazakhstan Business Council , Mr. Gruia Stoica had considered that : without peace , prosperity is only a dream

In his allocution, the President of Romania-Kazakhstan Business Council-Mr. Gruia Stoica had presented the economic interest of building such a PLATFORM FOR SECURITY AND COOPERATION IN EUROPE AND ASIA stating that only peace and global security, promised by Nazarbayev plan for XXI century, can insure the global prosperity and offer the medium for solving the global economic crisis.

Without peace, prosperity is just a dream, had wisely concluded President Gruia Stoica.

President Gruia Stoica warmly congratulated by the President of Romanian Parliament Mr. Valeriu Zgonea 

The Director of European Diplomatic Academy, Professor Mircea Constantinescu had underlined on behalf of European diplomatic community that: ″President Nazarbayev proposal to create a PLATFORM FOR SECURITY AND COOPERATION IN EUROPE AND ASIA is extremely timely, and is also a present day chart of the global and regional situation and also a risk factors analysis, risk factors that are putting in danger the economic stability, peace and world security″.

The tremendous  diplomatic and academic success of the Conference on PLATFORM FOR SECURITY AND COOPERATION IN EUROPE AND ASIA was in itself a proof, not only of the strong interest showed by Romania and Europe towards the initiative launched by Kazakhstan President Nursultan Nazarbayev for peace and cooperation in XXI century, but also showcase the exemplary capacity of Romania to outstanding mobilize and became a speaker for Europe in the support of the great plan for security in Eurasia.

Ambassadors specially nominated by the President of Romanian Parliament for their presence : H.E. Ambassador of Iraq -  Mohammed Saeed Al-Shakarchi ( BEST AMBASSADOR FOR 2011 ) H.E. Ambassador of Malaysia Dato`Nik Mustafa Kamal Nik Ahmad  , H.E. United Arab Emirates Ambassador – Yacoub Yousef al Hosani , H.E. Ambassador of State of Qatar -Sad Mohamed Sad Al-Kobaisi , Islamic Republic of Iran representative   

Ambassadors specially nominated by the President of Romanian Parliament for their presence : H.E. Ambassador of Cuba – Marta Fajardo Palet  and H.E. Venezuela`s Charge d`affairs-  Zulay Coromoto Prieto de Rodriguez 

Ambassadors specially appreciated for their contribution by the President of Romanian Parliament: H.E. Palestine Ambassador: Ahmad Aqel



By PhD. Professor Anton Caragea MA, FINS


The illusory perfect world of the XXI century.

At the beginning of the twentieth century optimistic geopolitics, led by the famous thinker Francis Fukuyama, believed that we are witnessing the fulfilling prophecy on the end of history.

At first glance everything seemed to give them justice: the market economy seem to liquidate traditional inequalities between countries and promised an era of overall development and steady growth of the living standards.

If, on the level of the individual safety, market economy promised abundance and absence of crises, in the field of global security the developments seemed to ensure a better future. The permanent EU enlargement ensured security on the European continent, joining former Cold War adversaries in a forum of development, democracy, security and general welfare, it seemed that a future in which even Russia will become a member of the European Union was not one too far away.

On military level NATO appeared to be an invincible military shield and it seemed to become even a global alliance which was to provide at indications of the Security Council, missions to impose global order. The global equation of stability seems solidly built.

Nothing has remained from this perfect picture of a better world.

NATO intervention in Afghanistan and the defeat suffered has influenced the future plans of the Alliance, the announced withdrawal from Afghanistan in 2014, ends long-standing contingency plans for NATO trouble spots.

From now on there will be only punctual interventions with duration of less than one year, the only ones that the Alliance can do effectively.

Instead of a coherent NATO interventions focusing on post-conflict reconstruction, we started to become witnesses of illegal intervention or of unilateral actions from the NATO members, which do not only exceed the action out of the alliance, but it also contradicts its fundamental principles.

The EU crisis, which began as an economic crisis that hit Greece, Spain, Portugal and Ireland became a general economic crisis and blocked the expansion of the political union, expansion was supposed to be a future of prosperity for Europe.

The EU political crisis threatens more and more achievements that were once considered as permanent certainties: the right to free movement is questioned, the right to work is severely restricted and fined and the portrait of EU as a club of democracies is as severe questioned by the expansion of right-wing parties and by the blocking of the democratic mechanisms which no longer work on the continent.

Increased security risks.

The collapse of the safety certainties led to the revival and development of security risks: forgotten border conflicts are worldwide present, territorial conflicts in the Far East are among the most visible.

In Europe, the Kosovo crisis questioned the stability of the boundaries drawn after World War II, and there are here additional trouble spots throughout the Balkans and throughout Central Europe.

All these attract with them increased security risks and general instability, with only two possible outcomes: return to arms race and to the conflicts we thought forgotten after 1945 or rebuilding a new system of global security.

Voice of reason.

In September 2012, when leaders of the Conference on Interaction and Confidence Building Measures in Asia (CICA) was held in Astana, capital of Kazakhstan, the usual speech reception, group pictures and final smiles were expected.

They were to have a surprise. Before them, their host President Nursultan Nazarbayev presented a comprehensive project to revive the dialogue and reduce tensions in the Euro-Asian.

It was not the first time the president of Kazakhstan surprised their guests with comprehensive and ambitious reform plans.

Everyone remembers in 2010, when Kazakhstan took over the Chairmanship of the Organization for Security and Cooperation in Europe (OSCE).

Everyone expected a usual cosmetic presidency, of a prestigious organization in free fall and utility. It was not to be like this.

President Nursultan Nazarbayev launched a project to reform and restructure the OSCE, put in foreground the overall security projects and the restoration of OSCE action potential. The organization was not able to meet leaders in 1999, Kazakhstan has managed to achieve this performance. OSCE failed for two decades to bring together the civil society leaders, but in 2010, within the Conference of Bucharest, Kazakhstan has managed to do that.

At the end of a one year term, Kazakhstan has managed to inject fresh vigor into an organization that seemed irreversible affected by routine and inefficiency.

Now the voice of reason, the voice of Kazakhstan, is heard again: it is time for a platform of security and cooperation in the Euro-Asian and Euro-Atlantic area.

The security and cooperation platform.                                                           

The New Security and Cooperation initiative, launched by President Nursultan Nazarbayev states:

-         Creation of a zone of stability that connects the Atlantic and Asia, the European and Asian continents.

-         Establishment of a mechanism of interaction, flexible and based on tangible results and creation of communication channels.

-         Unification of the countless existing organizations on global security: NATO (North Atlantic Treaty Organization), CSOT (Collective Security Treaty Organization), CICA (Conference on Interaction and Confidence Building Measures in Asia), the OSCE (Organization for Security and Cooperation in Europe).

-         Focus of the dialogue on general security issues, banning the nuclear tests -  initiative ATOM (stopping nuclear tests worldwide)

The methods of the new organization: Platform for Security and Cooperation Euro-Asian and they promise to help ease the global climate:

-         Imposing the consensus as the only method of action of the new organization

-         Solving of the crises by dialogue and diplomatic means

-         Focus new organization on the central problems such as geopolitical rivalry / reducing global distrust / fight illegal migration / fight against trafficking in human beings and drugs / counter terrorism and extremism and suppression of territorial claims.

Kazakhstan – clear action, concrete results.

President Nursultan Nazarbayev said from the very beginning that his country will lead by example and will convince through clear results about the usefulness of its initiative.

Thus Kazakhstan launched in 1990, a successful initiative for the denuclearization of the region Central Asia, closed the nuclear test polygon from Semipalatinsk and gave up a huge arsenal of nuclear weapons (third in the world after the U.S. and Russia).

With such results, Kazakhstan took the flag of the fight for nuclear disarmament, having demonstrated that a nuclear country may renounce its weapons for promoting world peace. Not by words but by deeds, seems to be the motto of Kazakhstan's international action.

Thus, President Nazarbayev announced at the nuclear disarmament meeting in Seoul, the initiative to create an international bank for uranium, an entity meant to control the resources and use of nuclear material for peaceful projects.

The establishment of such a bank would block traffic fusion materials, would allow nuclear arms control and allow the commencement of global nuclear disarmament. The new initiative received immediate support from the United States and the United Nations, as being the only reasonable proposal to address the problem of trafficking in nuclear materials.

Meanwhile, Kazakhstan has proposed a less ambitious goal, the ATOM initiative to ban nuclear tests and has made ​​this initiative a decision available to all people, building a specialized website where any responsible citizen can support initiatives designed to have a world without the risk of nuclear tests.

In Afghanistan, where the military solution failed, Kazakhstan has shown that the humanitarian solution gives results: hundreds of Afghan students graduate courses in Kazakh universities, laying the foundations, by providing the necessary personnel for the economic, administrative and health recovery of a country devastated and laying the foundations of a return to normality. Also construction of social facilities (schools, hospitals, health centers) developed the only strategy that works: higher standards of living.

The counter-drug fight reduces the sources of income of the destructive elements and Afghanistan rises again from the ashes of a failed military intervention.

As to the economic crisis, the Kazakhstan's president has built in his country the third world economy as growth rate, but he was concerned that only nation achieves economic growth, but he also provided a platform for combating global crisis.

The solutions to fight the crisis were offered free, together with the necessary consultation.

While other solutions have failed and world organizations have enormous cost, the Kazakhstan’s offers as a solution to the crisis is only up to people affected by the crisis if they want to apply or not.

Finally, the most recent contribution of Kazakhstan to the political and economic crisis, is the rebuilding the Silk Road. The Silk Road brought prosperity and security from Asia to Europe for two millennia.

Now with 5,000 kilometers of road built by Kazakhstan will link China to St. Petersburg and bring raw materials in emerging markets in Asia and will connect the European consumers with products offered by the Asian market.

By its revolution in transport, Kazakhstan has become the bridge between Asia and Europe, the area of transport and logistics and has become the host of dozens of trans-regional and multilateral organizations, connecting the Asia-Pacific, Europe-Atlantic area.

Romania-Kazakhstan: a joint voice for global security            

After offering the example of a modern nation, contributing effectively to the global debate on crucial issues such as nuclear safety and solving of the global economic crisis, the new proposal of the President Nursultan Nazarbayev promises to offer a solution to avoid a ravaging conflict in the XXI century.

Romania’s response to the initiative of Kazakhstan can only be positive, given the long tradition of Romanian efforts towards disarmament and creation of a global security system.

The Romanian voice must be with Kazakhstan's initiative in setting up the platform for Security and Cooperation in the Euro-Asian and Euro-Atlantic integration, as the only reliable solution to ensure not only national security but also to bring our contribution to the great idea debate of the century.

Our country's voice must be heard again in support of world peace!


When I was asked to provide the main speech at the SECURITY AND COOPERATION PLATFORM IN EUROPE-ASIA IN THE TWENTY FIRST CENTURY I could not stop do not realize how much it means in Romanian history the constant struggle of our nation in favor of peace and security worldwide.



For Romania, throughout its history, the efforts in favor of disarmament initiatives, reduction of stress and creation of a climate of understanding between nations have never been an intellectual fashion, but have always been part of our country's security strategy.

Supporting the ideal of world peace, the Romanian statesmen understood that they serve our national most sacred interest.

Therefore, hosting by Romania a conference on security and cooperation in Europe and Asia is part of this long tradition of our country to give its support to such generous initiatives as the one of the presidency of Kazakhstan.

First of all we must understand the security risks and frozen conflicts are not merely academic debates, but they reflect the reality of a globalized world, constantly changing and that no country can claim a right of permanent security. Peace is built, planned and sometimes fought for it and knowing the future risks of a nation puts is part of a true statesman’s activity.

In order to shape a vision on the future risks, we must have the courage to openly discuss difficulties this. In recent years we have been invited to conferences in Washington, organized by the Atlantic Council, on the future of the U.S. - EU relations and at NATO conference in Oslo, on the organization's new strategic concept. My interventions have emphasized the need for abandoning the language of "politically correct" which is nothing more than taking former "wooden language" of the Communist regimes. None of them resolve conflicts, but postpone them. Or, the task of SECURITY AND COOPERATION PLATFORM IN EUROPE-ASIA was first of all to resolve old frozen conflicts and then to focus on their prevention.

Regarding the long-term strategy of a SECURITY AND COOPERATION PLATFORM IN EUROPE-ASIA, things are somewhat different. An effort is required to understand and anticipate the trends of evolution or involution of the world in which we live. Changes in the security environment can be understood only if we consider changing nature of international relations, rules, regulations, typology of actors, goals and mechanisms of action.

A triggering element of the new theoretical approach was the Russian-Georgian war in August 2008. Its immediate consequences revealed the inherent weaknesses of frozen conflict resolution systems, managed by the OSCE - in South Ossetia and the UN - in Abkhazia.

Beyond that, the apparent institutional bottlenecks of the EU foreign policy and conflicts within NATO became obvious. Although the conflict was blocked, a major institutional international crisis turned out visible. Its components are a crisis of the means, a crisis of principles and a moral crisis. The reviewing of the security strategies based on new models of approach has become a necessity. The same thing applies for the logical consequences regarding security assessment and planning.

THE PLATFORM FOR SECURITY AND COOPERATION in Europe and Asia must primarily have a preventive vocation. This will be the cornerstone of its activity in the immediate future. This implies a growing complexity of the analysis and means of action. The repeated crises have shown that, unfortunately, locally preventive interventions are not sufficient and must be inserted in an assembly of long-term actions, which should consider all regions and all questions that they may destabilize, from the economic difficulties to the rooted stereotypes in the divergent mentalities, from the instability of the ways of communication to the unconventional security risks.

Being the only Euro-Asian organization in which all Member States are Europe and Asia, THE PLATFORM FOR SECURITY AND COOPERATION in Europe and Asia may prove to be an effective tool to build a culture of dialogue and cooperation in Europe and Asia and of Europe worldwide.

The SECURITY AND COOPERATION PLATFORM EUROPE-ASIA should aim to become a laboratory where the political culture of safety is created through mutual trust, negotiation and cooperation.

The SECURITY AND COOPERATION PLATFORM EUROPE-ASIA can identify major risks, formulate and implement programs to enhance mutual trust, both within countries with high risk, as well as in potential conflict areas.

In this lab I believe that there is a privileged place for former presidents during the period of transition from communist dictatorships to democracies. With their experience of statesmen and civic reformers, using mutual relationships and earned prestige, they can play a role in defusing conflicts and in rethinking the organization's long-term strategy.

The great contribution to peace initiatives, such as PLATFORM SECURITY AND COOPERATION EUROPE-ASIA of President Nursultan Nazarbayev to the European security architecture and the world one will be without doubt that the war will not be held due to the creation of democratic mechanisms and dialogue with civil society to strengthen cooperation, preventive diplomacy.

Is there a need for peace initiatives? Yes. For what? For a safer world. For whom? For all of us.



I would like to begin by thanking and address a word of appreciation for choosing Romania as host of the International Conference SECURITY AND COOPERATION PLATFORM IN EUROPE-ASIA IN THE TWENTY FIRST CENTURY.

The Romanian voice has been heard strongly and steadily over the past 100 years in support of all initiatives to create a climate of peace in the world: names such as the Romanian Nicolae Titulescu or Vespasian Pella remain in the golden book of the League of Nations in the interwar period for their efforts in promoting peace and stability worldwide.



Romania has linked its name to the peace and disarmament conferences of the 30s which tried to avoid the nightmare of a new world war, created a framework for the Organization for Security and Cooperation in Europe in Helsinki Agreements of 1970-1975, supported disarmament negotiations in the eighties and now supports the idea of the Cooperation and Security Platform in Europe and Asia.

I would like to note and appreciate the initiative of the Kazakh Presidency, President Nursultan Nazarbayev, to organize a broad debate on building a Euro-Atlantic and Eurasian security platform based on the extraordinary success of Kazakhstan's OSCE chairmanship.

In my speech I want to refer to two types of challenges facing the Platform for Cooperation and Security in Europe and Asia. Developing a long term strategy of security in Eurasia region can not be postponed, given that other organizations have approached it. The EU has recently defined a strategy and NATO will adopt a new strategic concept

This effort to establish a cooperation strategy and global security is accelerated by the rapid changes of the globalization.

The globalized world can be characterized as a risk society in which have a large number of citizens has adapted. Especially young people up to 40, who do not assume perennial identities and loyalties, but pragmatic and present.

The contemporary world is complicated by the coexistence of proto-state or pseudo-state structures based on clans, extended families or other structures that preceded the formation of peoples or nations. They are visible in Africa, in parts of Asia or Latin America. The approach of the international community of each of the actors and each theme should take into account the perceptions of the actor in question.

The security of each state of the world must adapt to post-modern society. In today's world, states can no longer be divided into blocks because the reactions which occur as a result of different interests lead to changing alliances and the opposite sides for different themes or topics.

It is on the one hand a reflection of democratization of the contemporary world, but also the pragmatism of the governments forced to meet the needs of its own citizens.

The problems of transition to democracy, coupled with separatism and strengthening delay of the new independent states creates at their turn direct risks related to political legitimacy of states and governments and question the institutional capacity to fight corruption, and the mafia-type groups which fuel separatism and blocks the consolidation of the new states.

These elements, coupled with the existence of the frozen conflicts arouse concern, both for the fragmentation trends of new independent states, as well as for the transit of terrorist elements to Europe or the preservation of backward mentality that generates the appeal for the administrative models.

Conflict prevention and post-conflict management situations require a comprehensive vision able to develop the complementarity of the actions initiated by Platform for Cooperation and Security in Europe and Asia with activities of other global or regional bodies.

A balanced view should take into account the interests of different ethnic and religious communities, the duties of States and their citizens' natural rights, local and future interests of the regional actors.

It can not be developed without the contribution of the representatives competent to express plurality of voices, questions and aspirations of hundreds of millions of people living in the space of the Platform for Cooperation and Security in Europe and Asia it is. Political structures such as the Council of Europe Parliamentary Assembly can be completed with civil society structures. Only such a process meant to strengthen the respect for human rights, democracy and common security may acquire depth that only real intention of peoples can guarantee.

Finally I would like to thank the diplomatic community for the confidence vote for Romania by supporting this important event in our country, I would like to thank the Presidency of Kazakhstan, Romania's strategic partner for a strong focus given on the strategy debate in Bucharest in the coagulation strategy for the Cooperation Platform and Security in Europe and Asia and I would like to hope that our efforts of all those present will help to create a better and safer world for us all.