PRESIDENT NURSULTAN NAZARBAYEV PLAN FOR PEACE AND STABILITY IN THE XXI CENTURY.
By PhD. Professor Anton Caragea MA, FINS
The illusory perfect world of the XXI century.
At the beginning of the twentieth century optimistic geopolitics, led by the famous thinker Francis Fukuyama, believed that we are witnessing the fulfilling prophecy on the end of history.
At first glance everything seemed to give them justice: the market economy seem to liquidate traditional inequalities between countries and promised an era of overall development and steady growth of the living standards.
If, on the level of the individual safety, market economy promised abundance and absence of crises, in the field of global security the developments seemed to ensure a better future. The permanent EU enlargement ensured security on the European continent, joining former Cold War adversaries in a forum of development, democracy, security and general welfare, it seemed that a future in which even
On military level NATO appeared to be an invincible military shield and it seemed to become even a global alliance which was to provide at indications of the Security Council, missions to impose global order. The global equation of stability seems solidly built.
Nothing has remained from this perfect picture of a better world.
NATO intervention in
From now on there will be only punctual interventions with duration of less than one year, the only ones that the
Instead of a coherent NATO interventions focusing on post-conflict reconstruction, we started to become witnesses of illegal intervention or of unilateral actions from the NATO members, which do not only exceed the action out of the alliance, but it also contradicts its fundamental principles.
The EU crisis, which began as an economic crisis that hit
The EU political crisis threatens more and more achievements that were once considered as permanent certainties: the right to free movement is questioned, the right to work is severely restricted and fined and the portrait of EU as a club of democracies is as severe questioned by the expansion of right-wing parties and by the blocking of the democratic mechanisms which no longer work on the continent.
Increased security risks.
The collapse of the safety certainties led to the revival and development of security risks: forgotten border conflicts are worldwide present, territorial conflicts in the
In Europe, the Kosovo crisis questioned the stability of the boundaries drawn after World War II, and there are here additional trouble spots throughout the Balkans and throughout
All these attract with them increased security risks and general instability, with only two possible outcomes: return to arms race and to the conflicts we thought forgotten after 1945 or rebuilding a new system of global security.
Voice of reason.
In September 2012, when leaders of the Conference on Interaction and Confidence Building Measures in Asia (CICA) was held in Astana, capital of Kazakhstan, the usual speech reception, group pictures and final smiles were expected.
They were to have a surprise. Before them, their host President Nursultan Nazarbayev presented a comprehensive project to revive the dialogue and reduce tensions in the Euro-Asian.
It was not the first time the president of
Everyone remembers in 2010, when
Everyone expected a usual cosmetic presidency, of a prestigious organization in free fall and utility. It was not to be like this.
President Nursultan Nazarbayev launched a project to reform and restructure the OSCE, put in foreground the overall security projects and the restoration of OSCE action potential. The organization was not able to meet leaders in 1999,
At the end of a one year term,
Now the voice of reason, the voice of
The security and cooperation platform.
The New Security and Cooperation initiative, launched by President Nursultan Nazarbayev states:
- Creation of a zone of stability that connects the Atlantic and
- Establishment of a mechanism of interaction, flexible and based on tangible results and creation of communication channels.
- Unification of the countless existing organizations on global security: NATO (North Atlantic Treaty Organization), CSOT (Collective Security Treaty Organization), CICA (Conference on Interaction and Confidence Building Measures in Asia), the OSCE (Organization for Security and Cooperation in
- Focus of the dialogue on general security issues, banning the nuclear tests - initiative ATOM (stopping nuclear tests worldwide)
The methods of the new organization: Platform for Security and Cooperation Euro-Asian and they promise to help ease the global climate:
- Imposing the consensus as the only method of action of the new organization
- Solving of the crises by dialogue and diplomatic means
- Focus new organization on the central problems such as geopolitical rivalry / reducing global distrust / fight illegal migration / fight against trafficking in human beings and drugs / counter terrorism and extremism and suppression of territorial claims.
Kazakhstan – clear action, concrete results.
President Nursultan Nazarbayev said from the very beginning that his country will lead by example and will convince through clear results about the usefulness of its initiative.
With such results,
Thus, President Nazarbayev announced at the nuclear disarmament meeting in
The establishment of such a bank would block traffic fusion materials, would allow nuclear arms control and allow the commencement of global nuclear disarmament. The new initiative received immediate support from the
The counter-drug fight reduces the sources of income of the destructive elements and
As to the economic crisis, the
The solutions to fight the crisis were offered free, together with the necessary consultation.
While other solutions have failed and world organizations have enormous cost, the Kazakhstan’s offers as a solution to the crisis is only up to people affected by the crisis if they want to apply or not.
Finally, the most recent contribution of
Now with 5,000 kilometers of road built by
By its revolution in transport,
Romania-Kazakhstan: a joint voice for global security
After offering the example of a modern nation, contributing effectively to the global debate on crucial issues such as nuclear safety and solving of the global economic crisis, the new proposal of the President Nursultan Nazarbayev promises to offer a solution to avoid a ravaging conflict in the XXI century.
The Romanian voice must be with Kazakhstan's initiative in setting up the platform for Security and Cooperation in the Euro-Asian and Euro-Atlantic integration, as the only reliable solution to ensure not only national security but also to bring our contribution to the great idea debate of the century.
Our country's voice must be heard again in support of world peace!
When I was asked to provide the main speech at the SECURITY AND COOPERATION PLATFORM IN EUROPE-ASIA IN THE TWENTY FIRST CENTURY I could not stop do not realize how much it means in Romanian history the constant struggle of our nation in favor of peace and security worldwide.
Supporting the ideal of world peace, the Romanian statesmen understood that they serve our national most sacred interest.
Therefore, hosting by
First of all we must understand the security risks and frozen conflicts are not merely academic debates, but they reflect the reality of a globalized world, constantly changing and that no country can claim a right of permanent security. Peace is built, planned and sometimes fought for it and knowing the future risks of a nation puts is part of a true statesman’s activity.
In order to shape a vision on the future risks, we must have the courage to openly discuss difficulties this. In recent years we have been invited to conferences in
Regarding the long-term strategy of a SECURITY AND COOPERATION PLATFORM IN EUROPE-ASIA, things are somewhat different. An effort is required to understand and anticipate the trends of evolution or involution of the world in which we live. Changes in the security environment can be understood only if we consider changing nature of international relations, rules, regulations, typology of actors, goals and mechanisms of action.
A triggering element of the new theoretical approach was the Russian-Georgian war in August 2008. Its immediate consequences revealed the inherent weaknesses of frozen conflict resolution systems, managed by the OSCE - in
Beyond that, the apparent institutional bottlenecks of the EU foreign policy and conflicts within NATO became obvious. Although the conflict was blocked, a major institutional international crisis turned out visible. Its components are a crisis of the means, a crisis of principles and a moral crisis. The reviewing of the security strategies based on new models of approach has become a necessity. The same thing applies for the logical consequences regarding security assessment and planning.
THE PLATFORM FOR SECURITY AND COOPERATION in Europe and
Being the only Euro-Asian organization in which all Member States are Europe and Asia, THE PLATFORM FOR SECURITY AND COOPERATION in Europe and Asia may prove to be an effective tool to build a culture of dialogue and cooperation in Europe and Asia and of
The SECURITY AND COOPERATION PLATFORM EUROPE-ASIA should aim to become a laboratory where the political culture of safety is created through mutual trust, negotiation and cooperation.
The SECURITY AND COOPERATION PLATFORM EUROPE-ASIA can identify major risks, formulate and implement programs to enhance mutual trust, both within countries with high risk, as well as in potential conflict areas.
In this lab I believe that there is a privileged place for former presidents during the period of transition from communist dictatorships to democracies. With their experience of statesmen and civic reformers, using mutual relationships and earned prestige, they can play a role in defusing conflicts and in rethinking the organization's long-term strategy.
The great contribution to peace initiatives, such as PLATFORM SECURITY AND COOPERATION EUROPE-ASIA of President Nursultan Nazarbayev to the European security architecture and the world one will be without doubt that the war will not be held due to the creation of democratic mechanisms and dialogue with civil society to strengthen cooperation, preventive diplomacy.
Is there a need for peace initiatives? Yes. For what? For a safer world. For whom? For all of us.
I would like to begin by thanking and address a word of appreciation for choosing
The Romanian voice has been heard strongly and steadily over the past 100 years in support of all initiatives to create a climate of peace in the world: names such as the Romanian Nicolae Titulescu or Vespasian Pella remain in the golden book of the League of Nations in the interwar period for their efforts in promoting peace and stability worldwide.
Romania has linked its name to the peace and disarmament conferences of the 30s which tried to avoid the nightmare of a new world war, created a framework for the Organization for Security and Cooperation in Europe in Helsinki Agreements of 1970-1975, supported disarmament negotiations in the eighties and now supports the idea of the Cooperation and Security Platform in Europe and Asia.
I would like to note and appreciate the initiative of the Kazakh Presidency, President Nursultan Nazarbayev, to organize a broad debate on building a Euro-Atlantic and Eurasian security platform based on the extraordinary success of
In my speech I want to refer to two types of challenges facing the Platform for Cooperation and Security in Europe and
This effort to establish a cooperation strategy and global security is accelerated by the rapid changes of the globalization.
The globalized world can be characterized as a risk society in which have a large number of citizens has adapted. Especially young people up to 40, who do not assume perennial identities and loyalties, but pragmatic and present.
The contemporary world is complicated by the coexistence of proto-state or pseudo-state structures based on clans, extended families or other structures that preceded the formation of peoples or nations. They are visible in Africa, in parts of Asia or
The security of each state of the world must adapt to post-modern society. In today's world, states can no longer be divided into blocks because the reactions which occur as a result of different interests lead to changing alliances and the opposite sides for different themes or topics.
It is on the one hand a reflection of democratization of the contemporary world, but also the pragmatism of the governments forced to meet the needs of its own citizens.
The problems of transition to democracy, coupled with separatism and strengthening delay of the new independent states creates at their turn direct risks related to political legitimacy of states and governments and question the institutional capacity to fight corruption, and the mafia-type groups which fuel separatism and blocks the consolidation of the new states.
These elements, coupled with the existence of the frozen conflicts arouse concern, both for the fragmentation trends of new independent states, as well as for the transit of terrorist elements to
Conflict prevention and post-conflict management situations require a comprehensive vision able to develop the complementarity of the actions initiated by Platform for Cooperation and Security in Europe and
A balanced view should take into account the interests of different ethnic and religious communities, the duties of States and their citizens' natural rights, local and future interests of the regional actors.
It can not be developed without the contribution of the representatives competent to express plurality of voices, questions and aspirations of hundreds of millions of people living in the space of the Platform for Cooperation and Security in Europe and
Finally I would like to thank the diplomatic community for the confidence vote for Romania by supporting this important event in our country, I would like to thank the Presidency of Kazakhstan, Romania's strategic partner for a strong focus given on the strategy debate in Bucharest in the coagulation strategy for the Cooperation Platform and Security in Europe and Asia and I would like to hope that our efforts of all those present will help to create a better and safer world for us all.